Implementation of sub-sctoral MRV system in the solid waste sector in Egypt
Waste sector is one of the most challenging sectors for GHG Inventory, especially in developing countries. This is owing to many factors including the absence of the data on the amount of waste generated annually, waste composition, disposal, and utilization. Typically, data is fragmented among several agencies, and it is neither systemised nor publically available. In addition to lack of proper waste disposal and waste segregation, the absence of waste surveys and weak legislative base makes this sector challenging. For this reason, the solid waste disposal sites sub-sector was selected as case study for implementing steps towards establishing a comprehensive MRV system in Egypt.
As a first step, the institutional set-up and channels for data flow where mapped. The Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS)collects data related to waste on an annual basis via a specific data collection form. This form is distributed to CAPMAS branches in different governorates all over Egypt. CAPMAS branches in the governorates deliver the form to the local units, which are responsible for the waste data collection and sends back the forms to CAPMAS after completion. The flow diagram shows the enhanced institutional set-up for waste data collection in Egypt.
The GHG emissions from the solid waste disposal sites occur in the stage when organic material in waste decomposes in anaerobic conditions. These emissions are estimated based on the First Order Decay (FOD) model, where key parameters to be monitored are:
- Amount of waste disposed
- Waste composition (e.g. food, wood, plastic)
- Characteristics of the landfill: management practice and depth
The templates designed for CAPMAS are included in the QA/QC Plan and will assist in collecting the activity data for GHG inventory. These templates willbeapplied in 2018 data collection round to be conducted by CAPMAS.