Phase 2 of the MRV Africa Project aimed to build and strengthen the capacity among institutions and sectors to meet the UNFCCC reporting requirements. More specifically, institutional capacity to carry out climate-related MRV means the ability to:
- Develop comprehensive, detailed and accurate national GHG inventories;
- Prepare the required information for UNFCCC/Paris Agreement reports such as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and biennial update reports (BUR)s;
- Monitor and report on climate mitigation actions.
The scope and depth of capacity building was tailored to reflect a number of country-specific factors, in the phase 2 countries (Egypt, Ethiopia and Nigeria), including the level of technical capability to carry out MRV, the level of ambition and commitment to advance the national MRV capabilities, and background of the stakeholders trained.
The capacity building workshops focused on three main aspects of greenhouse gas MRV, namely:
- Development of national MRV system;
- Preparation of GHG Inventories (including data collection and quality assurance/quality control);
- MRV of Mitigation Actions and Policies in the context of NDCs and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs).
From a methodological point of view, capacity building and training materials presented here are based on the most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2006 Guidelines and methodologies approved by the UNFCCC. All training workshops were implemented as group activities, with a combination of theory and practical exercises, with an emphasis on using country-specific data, information and case studies.